Hafsa Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: حفصه سلطان ‎‎; c. 1478 – March 1534) was the wife of Selim I and the first valide sultan of the Ottoman Empire as the mother of Suleiman the Magnificent. His father was Sultan Bayezid II and his mother was Gulbahar Sultana from Dulkadirogulları State. Sultan Selim I was born on October 10, 1470, in Amasya, Turkey. He was the youngest son of Sultan Bayezid II. His mother was Hurrem Sultan , a slave and concubine who was born an Orthodox priest's daughter, [4] and later was freed and became Suleiman's legal wife. Selim I. Yavuz Sultan Selim was born on 10th October 1470. Bayezid did not wish to continue ruling. Beyhan Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: بیحان سلطان ‎; died 1559) was an Ottoman princess, daughter of Selim I and Ayşe Hatun.She was the sister of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. Father: Selim I: Mother: Ayşe Hatun: Religion: Islam: Beyhan Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: بیحان سلطان ‎; died 1559) was an Ottoman princess, daughter of Selim I and Ayşe Hatun. He provoked a dispute between Sultan Bayezid and his brother, Ahmed. Süleyman was the only son of Sultan Selim I. His mother was Hafsa Sultan, a convert to Islam of unknown origins, who died in 1534. But, he was not as talented as his father Suleyman or his grandfather Selim I. Father: Bayezid II: Mother: Gülbahar Hatun: Tughra: Selim I (Ottoman Turkish: سليم اول, Turkish: Birinci Selim; 10 October 1470 – 22 September 1520), known as Selim the Grim or Selim the Resolute (Turkish: Yavuz Sultan Selim), was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1512 to 1520. By 1512, Şehzade Ahmet had emerged as the most favored successor of his father. He was a very brave soldier and naturally tough. Suleiman was born in Trabzon along the east coast of the Black Sea to Şehzade Selim (later Selim I), probably on 6 November 1494, although this date is not known with absolute certainty.

Selim I (Ottoman Turkish: سليم اوّل, Modern Turkish: I.Selim), nicknamed Yavuz, "the Stern" or "the Steadfast", but often rendered in English as "the Grim" (October 10, 1465/1466/1470 – September 22, 1520), was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1512 to 1520. Father of Süleiman the Magnificient, Selim I was a stern, determined sultan, the protector of the sacred cities Mecca and Medina and the ruler who brought the caliphate to the Ottoman Empire The history of military coups in the land that is now Turkey begins with that of Sultan Selim I who, together with his comrades, the invincible janissaries, dethroned his father, Sultan Bayezid II. During the period between her son's enthronement in 1520 and her death in 1534, she was one of the most influential persons in the Ottoman Empire. Selim I was a tall and a strong man. Selim I at the Battle of Chaldiran: artwork at the Chehel Sotoun Pavilion in Isfahan. Selim I, Ottoman sultan (1512–20) who extended the empire to Syria, the Hejaz, and Egypt and raised the Ottomans to leadership of the Muslim world. He became sancak beyi (governor) of Kaffa in Crimea during the reign of his grandfather Bayezid II and of Manisa in western Asia Minor in the reign of Selim I. Süleyman succeeded his father as sultan in September 1520 and began his reign with campaigns against the Christian powers in central Europe and the Mediterranean. By 1512, he declared himself sultan when he orchestrated a coup against his father and killed his brothers and nephews in order to eliminate his rivals for the throne.


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